The word periodontal means ‘around the tooth’. Periodontal disease, commonly known as gum disease, attacks the soft tissues, bones and ligaments supporting your teeth and is a very common cause of tooth loss in adults.
The bacteria build-up around the gum-line, known as plaque, can cause infection to occur as it builds up. The first stage of infection, known as gingivitis, is common among adults and children. It attacks the soft tissues of the gums. Symptoms include soreness, inflammation, receding gums and bleeding after brushing. Gingivitis can be managed through a thorough oral hygiene routine.
If gingivitis is not attended to properly it can penetrate deeper into the gums and attack the bone structures that support the teeth. This advanced stage of the disease is called Periodontitis where the infection increases in severity. It is the number one cause of tooth loss in adults, its attack on the supporting bone, ligaments and tissue that secure your teeth slowly weakens the support and the teeth can eventually just fall out. This damage cannot be reversed, treatment aims to stop the progress of the disease. The sooner signs of gum disease are diagnosed the more successful treatment will be. Prevention is better than a cure.
Regular six monthly checkups by your dentist are recommended including a professional clean above and beneath the gum line along with an examination to detect possible problems before they escalate.
If you have sore, irritated gums, come in for an examination by our friendly team at South Coast City Dental to ensure gum disease is stopped in its tracks.